No other country in the world has managed to impr

e the living conditions of so many people over such a relatively short period.How did China do it?

In 1978, the leadership embarked on reform and opening-up to take the country forward. “Poverty is not socialism,” late

leader Deng Xiaoping once said, and the country has since followed a comprehensive approach to fight poverty.

The gradual opening-up of the economy to external investments for exp

ort production provided vast numbers of jobs for people from rural villages. These work

ers gained new skills and sent money home. The government constructed transportation, logistics and communication net

works that made China the “factory of the world”. This part of the story is probably the best known outside China.

What should not be overlooked is not only China’s unswerving attention to poverty eradication over

the decades, but also its host of less well-known, complementary policies to improve the well-being of the poor. Examining those p

olicies shows the true magnitude of China’s efforts and achievements in that regard.

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