Santarita said a similar concept can also be found in other

Asian countries, citing the Philippines’ compadrazgo and Indonesia’s bapakism as examples.

Compadrazgo, a Spanish word that literally translates to “co-fatherhood”, is based

on a kinship ritual that is formed after a child gets baptized into the Roman Catholic faith.

For the predominantly Catholic and close-knit Philippine society, t

he godfather (known as the padrino) is part of one’s extended family and is expected to he

lp and protect his godchild. The godchild is expected to respect and be loyal to the padrino.

Bapakism is derived from the Indonesian word for “father”. When us

ed in Indonesian business, bapakism demands great respect and obedience to one’s su

perior. The manager in his role as the company’s bapak is expected to look after and care for his employees.

Although Asian values are steeped in an ancient culture and tradition, it was only in t

he 1990s that this concept drew global attention. This was partly due to Asian leaders like the la

ashtvt.com

wei Technologies Co posted 179.7 billion yuan in reve

British Prime Minister Theresa May has given the green light to Chinese telecom giant H

uawei to help build the country’s 5G network, said the Daily Telegraph newspaper.

UK’s National Security Council, which is chaired by May, agree

d on Tuesday to allow Huawei limited access to help build parts

of the network such as antennas and other “noncore” infrastructure, the report said.

Huawei is already present in Britain’s existing noncore mobile network, said a Reuters report.

Previously, Huawei said it “poses no threat” and the best way to win trust is thr

ough “transparency” in response to criticism from some in the United Kingdom.

shlf21.com

President hails US high school students’ roles

Mandarin learners encouraged to play parts in fostering bilateral friendship

President Xi Jinping encouraged a group of United States high-school students to boost

friendship between China and the US as he replied to their letter written to him in Chinese.

“I hope you will make the best of your time, study hard and contribute y

our part to a deeper friendship between the people of our two countries,” Xi wrote in th

e letter, saying the young generations represent the future of the Sino-US friendship.

Over 40 students from Niles North High School in the state of Illinois who are studyi

ng Mandarin Chinese recently wrote to Xi, asking about his work, life and hobbies.

They told the Chinese leader in the letter that they are studying Mandarin, and they love the Chinese language, music and cuisine.

In his written response, Xi expressed gratitude to the students for their letter, and said he

can feel from the letter their love of the Chinese language as well as their interest in Chinese culture.

lianweicms.cn

The meetings on Thursday and Friday are all part of

f the 8th Summit of Central and Eastern European Countries & China.

At the China-CEEC economy and trade forum before the leaders meeting, Li called for strengthening trade facilitation and exp

anding two-way opening-up of markets. China is willing to expand imports of goods from CEE nations, particu

larly agricultural products that cater to the demand of Chinese consumers, he said. Trade of farm goods, machine

ry and electric devices should be further boosted and logistics sped up between the trading partners, he said.

Li said trade between China and the 16 CEE nations rose by 21 percent to a record high, de

spite a global trade slowdown. China is willing to strengthen cooperation with CEE nations in infrast

ructure based on market rules and following European Union rules and standards, he said.

Li advocated the great potential for trade and economic cooperation between China a

nd the 16 countries. China-CEEC cooperation is a helpful addition to China-EU ties, he said.

www.365zuchewang.cn

From the film, the audience will get a sense of the indo

mitable spirit of the Chinese people and their attachment to the homeland. The audienc

e will also feel the profound historical friendship between the Chinese and Kazakh people,” s

ays Wang Zhi, deputy secretary-general of the festival’s organizing committee.

Jonathan Shen, the producer of The Composer, reveals that the crew spent five months shooting scenes in China, Russ

ia and Kazakhstan, and how the team used many special effects to re-create the wartime sequences.

Saturday, the festival’s opening day, marks the 80th anniversary of the debut performance of Yellow River

Cantata in Yan’an, the headquarters of the Red Army after the Long March which lasted from 1934 to 1936.

“We hope the film will comfort the soul of Xian,” says Shen, who is also the founder and CEO of Beijing-based Shinework Pictures.

Shen says he hopes The Composer, which was jointly financed by Kazakhst

an, will become a commercial success and encourage more foreign studios to produ

ce films with China. The film is scheduled to go on general release in China and Kazakhstan in May.

ypcxf.cn

According to iiMedia Research, a market consultancy, cross-

-border online shopping in China grew by 20.6 percent year-on-year to 7.6 trillion yuan ($1.1 trillion) in sales in 2017.

The nation is encouraging cross-border e-commerce transactions by easing the annual cap

on cross-border online purchases and adding categories of imports to the duty-free list, according to the Ministry of Finance.

Starting from this year, the annual duty-free quota for cross-borde

r e-commerce purchases for individual buyers will be lifted to 26,000 yuan from the current 20,000 yuan.

“The livestreaming form, as a new operation model for online marketplaces, could settle

the problem of information asymmetry,” said Chen Tao, an analyst with internet consultancy Analysys in Beijing.

Both Alibaba Group Holding Ltd’s Taobao and its rival J

D, two of China’s biggest online shopping sites, have launched their own livestreaming platforms.

Shop owners hire livestreamers with large fan bases to help promote their products, and meanwhile, a link to the purchasing page hovers on the streaming screen.

Monica Zhang, who lives in France with her husband, opened an online store on Taobao. She became a livestreamer last year.

www.shlf21.com

He clarified that the total government debt ratio stood at

percent of the national GDP at the end of 2018, a little higher than the

36.2 percent for 2017, but still much lower than the globally accepted warning level of 60 percent.

Given that the ratio is more than 200 percent for Japan and aro

und 100 percent for other major economies such as the United States and France, it is hard to un

derstand why China, with a much higher economic growth rate, is so often identified as cause for concern.

Some might point to China’s growth-obsessed local governments, which have long been criticized for their opaque ways

of raising funds to invest in massive infrastructure projects, often using financing institutions known as “local gove

rnment financing vehicles”. Much of the so-called hidden debts have been raised through such vehicles.

Yet thanks to deleveraging, the curbing of irregularities and the st

andardizing of government financing, among other measures that have been taken to rein in the hi

dden debts and prevent systemic debt risks, China’s local government debts are under control.

shuyin-edu.cn

Defense spending poses no threat to other nations, spokesm

China’s defense expenditure is for the protection of the nation’s sover

eignty, security and territorial integrity and does not pose any threat to other countries, ac

cording to Zhang Yesui, spokesman for the second session of the 13th National People’s Congress.

Zhang said at a news conference on Monday in Beijing that China always sticks

to the path of peaceful development and follows policies that are purely defensive in nature.

“To judge whether a country poses threat to other

nations, the key lies in its foreign and defense policies rather than the increase in its defense budget,” he said.

He made the remarks in response to a question on China’s perspective change to its defense budget this year.

12xe6.cn

If he issues a veto soon, Trump will fall somewhere after

  field and George W. Bush, who served a full four-year term without issuing a veto. But Bu

sh made up for lost time in his second term, especially when Democrats took control of the House and the Senate in 2007.

  A number of Republican senators have expressed a willingness to break with Trump over the national emergency dec

laration. And 13 Republican representatives have already sided with Democrats on the issue.

  That’s enough to force his veto, but not nearly enough to overturn it.

  The vote overturning the national emergency declaration is not subj

ect to filibuster rules, so a simple majority can pass the measure through the Senate. Th

ere are 53 Republicans, 45 Democrats and two independents who vote with Democrats. Three Republican senators, tw

o of whom are up for re-election in 2020, have said they will vote with Democrats and against Tru

ex083.cn

few months after he assumed the office of Chief Minister of

  Gujarat in late 2001, the state was wracked with violence in which more than 1,000 people — mostly Muslims — were killed.

  Although his critics say Modi didn’t do enough to stop the violence, he has always denied any involvement and has never be

en charged with a crime. A supreme court ordered investigation in India cleared him of any blame or wrongdoing.

  Now after five years at the helm, he is struggling to retain the support that

saw his spectacular rise in 2014 — in contrast to his Pakistani counterpart. Imran Kh

an, the former cricket star, has been in power in neighboring Pakistan for little over half a year.

  ”They’re at very different points in their political trajectory,” says Madiha Afzal, a visiting fellow in the Foreign Po

licy and Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution.

  ”At this point it does appear that Khan has a bit of a cooler head right now,” she said, referring to a speech Wedn

esday in which Khan appeared conciliatory and welcoming of talks, before acknowledging that the cir

cumstances that brought about this latest cross-border crisis led to the deaths of 40 Indian paramilitary soldiers ear

lier this month in a suicide car bomb attack in Pulwama — part of India-controlled Kashmir.

fqyp.org